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From the demise of the Gold Standard to the Rise of Cryptocurrencies...the future

How do you link the tech marketing with global currency melt-down, I will start with a short story...

In the mid-1990s, I established Greenfield Computer Marketing, operating from a modest shed in Stockbridge, after leaving a secure position as the Managing Director of a computer manufacturing and distribution company. My career in the tech industry during the 1980s revolved around the sales and marketing of groundbreaking products like the IBM PC, the Amstrad CPC (Colour Personal Computer), Lotus 1-2-3, and WordPerfect. My primary responsibility was to introduce these products to the UK computer dealer marketplace, which at the time comprised nearly 6,000 small high street businesses.

The inception of Greenfield Computer Marketing stemmed from my discontent with working in distribution and my desire to influence the development of innovative technology. The new company rapidly evolved into a consultancy that advised technology businesses on transforming public perception of technology and introducing novel ideas pertaining to hardware and software. Our clientele included tech giants such as Fujifilm, Epson, Intel, and Microsoft, with whom we either worked directly or collaborated with their distribution partners. Some of our notable projects included the launch of the world's first digital camera.

As the internet gained prominence towards the end of the 1990s, we embraced this technology in several distinctive ways. First, we collaborated with tech businesses to develop their inaugural websites and email systems. Second, we became the go-to firm for dot-com startups, offering both investments and technical support in partnership with various associates, some of whom we continue to work with today. Lastly, we ventured into our own projects, such as launching the Computer Trade Show (CTS), a technical conference and exhibition held annually at the NEC in Birmingham, which quickly gained influence in the UK tech calendar. We also acted as a close communication partner with the UK Government to address the potential fallout from the millennium bug.

In the early 2000s, I sold the Computer Trade Show to a US exhibition giant and continued to develop Greenfield as a comprehensive technology-focused digital agency. When the dot-com bubble burst, we merged with traditional PR firms and evolved into an integrated agency that weathered the demise of countless dot-com startups. As the marketing landscape shifted, we worked diligently to remain relevant, constructing server farms and websites while honing our creativity to provide branding and advertising solutions that were effective both online and offline. When Apple introduced its first iPhone and the world went mobile, Greenfield invested in future technology. However, the 2008 credit crisis forced the agency to downsize, resulting in Greenfield Marketing returning to its roots as a technology consultancy.

In the decade following the credit crunch, we witnessed remarkable changes in business operations, marketing approaches, and, to some extent, limited major technological advancements. The most significant breakthrough, however, was the creation of blockchain technology by Satoshi Nakamoto, a direct response to the erosion of bankers' credibility. This innovation led to the birth of Bitcoin, which has grown sporadically ever since. To me, this development parallels the seismic shifts in communication brought about by the internet and the work of Sir Tim Berners-Lee.

Today, as the Director of Greenfield Marketing, I closely observe the immense changes unfolding globally due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the rise of China, conflicts in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. I concur that the next monumental transformation will involve the way value is stored, assets are assessed, and currency is managed to prevent a polarization of disasters resulting from the management and pricing of global resources. As nations like China, India, Russia, and the United States vie for a lion's share of future global output, it is essential to adapt to these changes and remain at the forefront of technological advancements.

So this is how I see it, digital currency is the next big tech distruptor... (remember Bitcoin's total worth is only close that of one of the world's biggest businesses (Apple) at the moment... so its still early!! The combined value of cryptos now stands at over $2.2 trillion (€1.8 trillion), outstripping US tech giant Apple by more than $10 billion (€8.4 billion) as of 22 April 2023)

The history of currency is marked by several significant milestones that have shaped the global financial landscape. One such critical turning point is the dropping of the gold standard, which led to the rise of the US Dollar as the primary reserve currency. This transformation has had lasting impacts on world currencies, particularly in Russia and China. In recent years, the emergence of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin has fueled a debate on their potential role in addressing some of the shortcomings of fiat currencies, including inflation control, fraud reduction, and fostering a level playing field in international trade. This essay delves into the history of currencies since the gold standard, the implications for Russia and China, and the potential of cryptocurrencies as a solution to contemporary financial challenges.

The Demise of the Gold Standard and the Rise of the Dollar

In the early 20th century, the gold standard was the predominant monetary system, wherein the value of a country's currency was directly linked to a specific amount of gold. This system facilitated international trade by providing a stable exchange rate between different currencies. However, the gold standard began to unravel during the Great Depression, as countries faced mounting economic pressures and were compelled to abandon the system to pursue expansionary monetary policies.

The final nail in the coffin for the gold standard came in 1971 when US President Richard Nixon suspended the convertibility of the US Dollar to gold, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system. In its place, the world moved towards a system of floating exchange rates, where the value of a currency is determined by market forces of supply and demand. Consequently, the US Dollar emerged as the world's primary reserve currency, primarily due to the size and strength of the US economy and its perceived stability.

Effects on Russia and China

The rise of the Dollar as the dominant global currency has had profound implications for the currencies of Russia and China. The Russian Ruble, historically a relatively stable currency, has experienced significant fluctuations in value due to global market dynamics, oil prices, and geopolitical tensions. The Chinese Renminbi, on the other hand, has been managed more tightly by the Chinese government, which has sought to maintain a stable exchange rate against the US Dollar to support its export-oriented growth strategy.

Both Russia and China have expressed concerns about the US Dollar's dominance in the global financial system, citing the potential for economic instability and the erosion of their monetary sovereignty. In response, these countries have taken measures to diversify their foreign exchange reserves, promote the use of their currencies in international trade, and strengthen financial cooperation with other emerging economies.

The Rise of Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies

In the wake of the 2008 global financial crisis, Bitcoin emerged as the first decentralized cryptocurrency, offering an alternative to traditional fiat currencies. Built on blockchain technology, cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin offer a secure, transparent, and tamper-proof system for recording transactions, enabling peer-to-peer transfers without the need for intermediaries such as banks. The finite supply of Bitcoin, capped at 21 million, has also fueled its appeal as a hedge against inflation.

The rise of cryptocurrencies has sparked a debate on their potential to address some of the shortcomings of the current global financial system. Proponents argue that cryptocurrencies can help control inflation, as their supply is not controlled by a central bank and cannot be manipulated for political or economic purposes. Additionally, the blockchain technology underpinning cryptocurrencies can reduce fraud and money laundering, as it creates an immutable and transparent record of all transactions.

Cryptocurrencies as a New Playing Field for International Trade

The potential for cryptocurrencies to create a level playing field in international trade is another key area of discussion. By removing the reliance on a single dominant reserve currency likethe US Dollar, cryptocurrencies can help reduce the influence of a single country's monetary policy on global trade and finance. This shift could foster more balanced economic relationships and promote greater fairness in the distribution of global resources.

Moreover, the borderless nature of cryptocurrencies can facilitate faster and cheaper international transactions, bypassing traditional banking systems and their associated fees. This could be particularly beneficial for emerging economies and small businesses, enabling them to access global markets more efficiently.

However, the widespread adoption of cryptocurrencies in international trade is not without challenges. Volatility in the value of cryptocurrencies remains a significant concern, as it may hinder their use as a reliable store of value and medium of exchange. Additionally, regulatory uncertainty and potential for illicit activities associated with cryptocurrencies could hamper their adoption in the mainstream financial system.

The Future of Digital Money and the Demise of Fiat Currency

As we look towards the future, the potential for digital money to transform the global financial system cannot be understated. Central banks around the world are exploring the idea of Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs), which could combine the benefits of cryptocurrencies with the stability and regulatory oversight of traditional fiat currencies.

CBDCs could address some of the challenges associated with cryptocurrencies, such as volatility and regulatory uncertainty, while still offering the advantages of blockchain technology, such as enhanced security and reduced transaction costs. By providing a digital alternative to fiat currencies, CBDCs could reshape the global monetary landscape and pave the way for a more inclusive and efficient financial system.

While the demise of fiat currency value based on gold has given rise to a new era of monetary systems, the rise of digital money could signal the next phase of evolution in global finance. As central banks and governments continue to explore the potential of CBDCs and other digital currencies, it is crucial to strike a balance between fostering innovation and ensuring financial stability.


The journey from the gold standard to the rise of cryptocurrencies has been marked by significant milestones that have shaped the trajectory of the global financial system. As the US Dollar emerged as the dominant reserve currency, its influence on world currencies, particularly in Russia and China, has led to concerns about economic stability and monetary sovereignty. The rise of cryptocurrencies has sparked a debate on their potential to address some of the challenges of the current financial system, including inflation control, fraud reduction, and fostering a level playing field in international trade.

While cryptocurrencies offer exciting possibilities, it is crucial to consider the challenges associated with their widespread adoption, such as volatility and regulatory uncertainty. The exploration of Central Bank Digital Currencies could offer a promising alternative that combines the benefits of cryptocurrencies with the stability and oversight of traditional fiat currencies. As we move towards a more digital and interconnected global economy, it is essential to ensure that the evolution of currencies fosters greater financial inclusion, stability, and fairness for all.

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